One type of mesothelioma disease is peritoneal mesothelioma. This cancer develops in the lining of the human’s abdomen or known as peritoneum. People who are ingesting asbestos fibers may get irritated over time, which can cause inflammation and scarring. Thus, peritoneal mesothelioma occurs.
Prognosis of peritoneal mesothelioma
Typically, the life expectancy for this type of malignant mesothelioma is better than the other types. On average, the survivors are able to live one year after getting treatment for abdominal mesothelioma. The patients of peritoneal mesothelioma have 92% survival rates a year after the diagnosis, and still, have 74% survival rates after three years of diagnosis. However, several factors, such as the stage and size of the tumor, cell type, or gender and age of the survivors, may have some significant influences on the individual’s prognosis.
Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma
The irritation and scar tissue inside the patient’s abdomen may cause the patient to feel abdominal pain and swelling. They may experience some anorexia or weight loss. Another symptom is fever, which can complicate the diagnosis. The patients sometimes also experience fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Due to the discomfort, patients may lose their appetite. They can also get some diarrheas and constipation. They may find a bump on their stomach and experience some trouble in defecating and urinating.
Diagnosis and stages of peritoneal mesothelioma
To diagnose the peritoneal mesothelioma disease, the doctor will run some tests for the patient. The first test is usually x-rays or CT scans to get some images of the patient’s abdomen. If the doctor detects a tumor from the imaging tests, they will order a blood test for the patient. This way, they can identify the biomarkers that can be useful to differentiate peritoneal mesothelioma and another form of cancer. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor usually used the biopsies procedure. The doctors will take a sample from the fluid or tissue for identifying the cell type and progression.
After diagnosing, the doctor will determine the stage of the peritoneal mesothelioma. They will identify the progress of cell cancer and symptoms. They may also try to find out whether the cancer cell has metastasized to other organs.
Treatments for peritoneal mesothelioma
The patient with peritoneal mesothelioma will receive a multimodal treatment, which combines some different approaches. The treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. The chemotherapy is usually used during surgery to improve the success rates of the treatment. Sometimes, doctors use a less invasive procedure such as paracentesis to remove fluids and relieve symptoms related to peritoneal mesothelioma.
Doctors had discovered a special treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma, which is called hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). First, doctors perform surgery to remove some visible tumors and damaged tissue from the patient. Some parts of the organ may be removed during the surgery, including abdominal lining, to take away as many tumors as possible. Then, the HIPEC will be applied throughout the abdominal cavity. The HIPEC is supposed to kill the remaining cancer cell, which was invisible during the surgery. The HIPEC usually consist of a stronger dosage compared to other traditional chemotherapy.